This is a problem where the hair falls out in patches. The patches start to fall suddenly and for this, the treatment that is provided by a clinic are powerful anti-inflammatory medicines and in extreme cases corticosteroids.

The basic symptoms of alopecia are a loss of hair not only in the head but in other parts of the body as well. It is a dermatological problem and some of the complications that are seen to arise are mostly psychological distress and stress at the loss of hair. The general treatment framework for alopecia is accepting the balding condition, taking prescribed medication and hair transplant surgery. Research studies show that 50% of the male population suffers from alopecia and 25% of the female population suffers from alopecia by the age of 40 years.

The subcategory of alopecia is hair thinning which medically is known as telogen effluvium. In the case of males, alopecia is generally genetic or caused by male hormones. In the case of females, the pattern of hair loss has yet to be generalized. Pregnancy is the only condition in women that has been confirmed that causes alopecia. Some of the other reasons for alopecia that are common in males and females are:

  • Chemotherapy
  • HIV
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Unbalanced diet
  • Iron deficiency
  • Hormone changes in the body
  • Fungal Infection
  • Lupus- Erythematosus
  • Radiation

From alopecia develops hypotrichosis which is a pattern of abnormal hair growth where there is a loss of hair. This type of alopecia can take place by the age of 25 years old. The types of treatment that are used for alopecia are medication such as

  • Hair transplant surgery
  • Steroid Injection in the affected patches
  • Finasteride
  • Monoxdil

From the entire balding population in the world, about 2% of the population tends to develop alopecia at some point of hair thinning. It is an extreme condition which needs to be treated by doctors.

Corticosteroid injections are common, these are injected into the affected area, oral pills are also prescribed the full treatment results start to show in 3 to 4 months time but the full hair growth is visible between 8 months and 12 months time.

Immuno-suppressants are also applied to the bald patches, anthralin has also shown results in hair growth, hormonal modulators are used in the female patterns of hair loss which helps to arrest hair growth.

The types of anti-androgens that are used are:

  • Spironolactone
  • Flutamide

These treatment types are used in the female hair loss patterns only.

Alopecia is not a condition that is incurable, it can be treated medically with a good Baldness treatment team and the client should not go beyond what is prescribed by the doctors. Self-medication should be avoided unless approved by the treatment team as this could cause unknown hazards for the individual suffering from alopecia. Alopecia is a treatable condition and not an illness, one needs to be patient to see the results of all types of alopecia treatment.

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