This is a technique which is used to improve the skin and the face tissues. A chemical solution is applied which exfoliates the skin making it wrinkle free and smooth. Chemical peeling is a technique to improve the skin’s appearance in the face, neck and the hands.
The technique uses a chemical solution to exfoliate the surface skin which blisters and peels off. The new skin that develops is smoother and has less wrinkles. The new skin is sensitive to sunlight. There are 3 types of chemical peels that are used for clients.
Superficial Peel: It uses alpha hydroxyl acid solution to exfoliate the surface skin. It is used when mild skin discoloration has to be removed or to remove rough patchy skin.
Medium Peel: This uses a solution of Glycolic or tricholoroacetic acid which is used to penetrate the surface layer and the middle layers of the skin. It helps to remove age spots, wrinkles and fine lines. It is also used to remove freckles.
Deep Peel: This technique uses tricholoracetic or phenol acids to remove deeper wrinkles, age spots, shallow scars and freckles.
These techniques when used can only be used once. Before embarking on chemical peel treatments it is important that the client consults the dermatologists and a thorough evaluation of the skin type and the skin condition is done.
Some of the other skin conditions for which chemical peeling can be used are acne scars, ageing skin, fine lines, crow’s feet, pigmentation, melasma, other scars, sun damaged skin, sagging skin and wrinkles.
Light haired and fair skinned people are best suited for chemical peeling. Those that have a darker skin, infections, skin diseases broken skin, sunburns herpes simplex 1 should not undergo this treatment. Pregnant women, nursing mothers and clients who have taken accutane in the last 6 months should not undergo this treatment.
Clients who have used Retin A, Renova or other prescription skin products should also avoid the chemical peeling procedure. There is no pain in the procedure but there is a stinging feeling on the skin. It may cause skin irritation, redness or crusting when the new skin adjusts to the environment.
Chemical peeling improves the appearance of the skin. The fine lines are removed, the wrinkles lessen, mild scars fade, it is a good treatment for certain types of acne, it makes age spots and freckles lighter, sun damaged areas of the skin improve. A client after a chemical peeling session needs to use a sunscreen lotion every day. The lotion should be able to protect the skin from UVA and UVB rays. The SPF of the lotion should be above 30.
A chemical peeling may remove the lighter issues of the skin but a dermatologist must be consulted further if other skin conditions exist. Chemical peeling is not the answer to all skin problems and there could be a requirement for surgical procedures which only a dermatologist will be able to determine. The skin is one of the most important parts of the body and it should not be tampered with without the advice of a dermatologist.
Authored By Dr.Sakshi Sareen